Peer Raben (* July 3, 1940 in Viechtafell; † January 21, 2007 in Mitterfels; real name Wilhelm Rabenbauer) was a German composer.
Raben wrote the music for about 90 cinema and television films and numerous radio plays. He was also an author, actor, producer and director, and was known for his collaboration with director Rainer Werner Fassbinder.
He studied music and theater at the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich. In 1965 he got an engagement at the Schaubühne Berlin and in 1966 at the Schauspielhaus Wuppertal.
In 1966, Rabenbauer was one of the co-founders of the Munich Action Theater, later antiteater, where he also worked as an actor and director. It was here that he met Rainer Werner Fassbinder, who directed his first feature film Liebe ist kälter als der Tod with the antiteater in 1969. For reasons of cost, Rabenbauer was asked by Fassbinder to record the film music. His composition was a complete success, so that further film compositions for Fassbinder followed under the pseudonym Peer Raben, such as later Die Ehe der Maria Braun, Lili Marleen and Berlin Alexanderplatz. In the early 1970s, Raben was musical director at the Schauspielhaus Bochum under Peter Zadek. There, in 1972, together with Erwin Bootz, he created the music for the "revue version" (by Tankred Dorst and Zadek) of Fallada's Kleiner Mann - was nun?
For Fassbinder's Querelle - Ein Pakt mit dem Teufel (1982) he wrote the chanson Each Man Kills The Thing He Loves (after the poem The Ballad of Reading Gaol by Oscar Wilde) for Jeanne Moreau, and Günther Kaufmann sang his song Young And Joyful Bandit.
On January 21, 2007, he died in Mitterfels at the age of 66 after a serious illness.